Introduction to Qingchuan Tourism
青川位于四川盆地北部边缘，川陕甘三省结合部，以“其水清美”而得名, 自西汉置郡至今，已有2300多年的历史，拥有“西蜀咽喉”、“熊猫之乡”等美誉。境内有以保护大熊猫、扭角羚、金丝猴为主的国家级自然保护区， AAAA级旅游景区唐家河，全国红色旅游经典景区、国家AAAA级旅游景区东河口地震遗址公园（青川地震博物馆），西南地区最大的人工淡水湖、国家级风景名胜区白龙湖，边塞秘境青溪古城，省级风景名胜区阴平古道，全国生态文化村、省级乡村旅游示范村阴平村，省级自然保护区毛寨和东阳沟, 地质奇观荞鱼洞，废墟中重生的青川县城等一大批丰富的精品旅游景区以及国家级非物质文化遗产川北薅草锣鼓、青川山歌等民俗文化资源，有青川黑木耳、七佛贡茶、天麻、唐家河蜂蜜、橄榄油、白龙湖银鱼、清真美食等特色旅游商品，是九环线上重要的旅游目的地和度假胜地。
Qingchuan is located at the north boundary of the Sichuan Basin and the juncture of Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu Provinces and is famous for “the beautiful scenes”. There has been a history of more than 2,300 years since Qingchuan was set up as a prefecture in the Western Han Dynasty. It enjoys the fames of “the strategic passage of west Sichuan”, “the hometown of panda” etc. There are many first-class tourist areas, including Tangjiahe-the national nature reserve on the theme of panda, yakin and golden monkey protection and the national AAAA tourist area, the Donghekou Earthquake Relics Park (Qingchuan Earthquake Museum)- the national classic red tourist attraction and national AAAA tourist area, the Bailong Lake-the biggest artificial fresh lake in the southwest region and the national scenic spot, the Qingxi Ancient City-the mysterious land of frontier, Yinping Road-the provincial scenic spot, the Yinping Village-the national ecological culture village and provincial demonstration village of rural tourism, Maozai and Dongyang Valley-the provincial nature reserve, Qiaoyu Cave-the geologic wonder and the Qingchuan County stands reborn from ruins, as well as the national intangible cultural heritage, such as the folk cultural resources including the north Sichuan Haocao gong and drum and Qingchuan folk song etc., and the special tourism commodities as Qingchuan black fungus, Qifo tribute tea, gastrodia tuber, Tangjiahe honeybee, olive oil, Bailonghu silverfish, Muslim cate etc. It’s the important tourist destination and wonderful holiday resort on the Jiuhuan Line.
Tangjiahe-the national nature reserve and national AAAA tourist area, is named the “natural gene pool”. Now there are 430 species of vertebrates and 2,422 species of plants found in the area. Among them, the visibility rates of the rare wild animals as yakin and golden monkey are at the top of the list of the country. The Yinping Road with more than one thousand years’ history in the area is named for the story in the Three Kingdoms period that Deng’ai went down the cliff in felt to steal into Yinping. The highest altitude in the area is 3,864m, and the lowest altitude is 1,150m. With “flowers in summer, moon in autumn, coolness in summer and snow in winter”, it’s a wonderful place for sightseeing, summer holiday, entertainment, vacation and scientific investigation.
The national AAAA tourist area-Donghekou Earthquake Relics Park (Qingchuan Earthquake Museum), is a new type attraction on the theme of earthquake relics and science population and education. It’s the first protection and commemoration place of earthquake relics of the “5.12” Wenchuan Earthquake to “witness disaster and understand life”. It’s successively rated as the national classic red tourist attraction, national science popularization and education base, national science popularization and education base for earthquake precaution and disaster alleviation, the “three bases and one window” education zone and national geological park.
The national scenic spot-Bailong Lake, is the largest artificial fresh lake in the southwest, and its water basin area in Qingchuan reaches 62 km2. There are rich natural sceneries as lake, island, mountain, forest, valley and karst cave, as well as historic and cultural relics as the ancient pass, road, city and battlefield and cultural relic and historic site. Therefore, it’s the ideal place for entertainment, vacation and aquatic sports.
Since Liaohua in the Three Kingdoms Period have garrison troops open up the wasteland and grow food grain in the area, there has been a history of more than 1,700 years of the Qingxi Ancient City. The city is an important pass on the Yinping Road. The area of the ancient city is 300 mu, and there are the well preserved ancient city pattern of the Ming Dynasty and the north Sichuan building formation of the Ming and Qing Dynasties of primitive simplicity. With the city being shaped like “boot” and the city gate shaped like “pot”, it’s also called the “boot city” and “pot city”, and that’s where the proverbs “catch turtles in a pot” and “please get into the jar” come from. Qingxi Ancient City not only enjoys the strong culture of the Three Kingdoms, but also is involved in the royalty secrets-it’s passed down that the Jianwen Emperor Zhu Yunwen used to live in solitude in the Huayan Temple in the area.
The Hall of Mahavira
Mahavira represents intelligence, benevolence and braveness, overawing and yielding ghosts. Sakyamuni Buddha, hierarch of Saha World, sits in the middle, accompanied by the Medicine Buddha, hierarch of Eastern Colored Glaze World on his left and Amitabha, hierarch of Western Paradise on his right. Two followers Kasyapa and Ananda are on the both sides of Sakyamuni Buddha. And on the both sides of the back of the Buddha in main hall are Manjusri and Samantabhadra, surrounded by the Eighteen Disciples of the Buddha. On the back of Buddhas in hall are paintings about the Kwan-yin who saves the 8 disasters, called as Kwan-yin Bodhisattva on a Sea Island.
Mercy Buddha Hall
Hall dominated by Mercy Buddha (Sanskrit: Avalokiteśvara, also named as Bodhisattva Avalokitesvara) is called as Mercy Buddha Hall, the Perfect Penetration Hall or Great Compassion Hall. The Buddha is elegant and grandfatherly, holding a bottle with slender willows in it, possessing measureless intelligence and magic power. The Buddha is infinitely merciful, saving all hardness and agony in the human world. On the both sides are the daughter of the dragon king and Sancai.
Thousand Buddha Wall is worshiped in the hall.
The seven Buddhas are Vipassi, Sikhin, Visvabhu, Krakucchanda, Kanakamuni, Kashyapa and Sakyamuni. The former three buddhas are the last three one in the thousand Buddhas in Past Vyuha Kalpa Sutra and the last 4 are the front 4 in thousand Buddhas in present Bhadrakalpa. On the both sides are plats for extending life of followers who wish to avoid all disasters and difficulties, add happiness and extend life by invincible might of those 7 Buddhas.
Hall of Three Sages
Hall of Three Sages (three sages from western countries), also called as Jieyin Hall, is for worshiping Amitabha (in the middle), Guanyin (on the left), Bodhisattva of Great Power (on the right). In the hall, memorial tablets for those died followers are placed, helping them to live on pure land on listening to lection.
The Hall of Heavenly Kings
Maitreya Buddha: large belly (tolerate all things), smiling (reflection of internal cultivation) makes the death come back.
Bodhisattva Wei Tuo: law-enforcement god in Buddhism with a gold steel bar for protecting temples.
East Snake Heavenly King: with a lute in hand, he seeks for propriety and perfection.
South Sword Heavenly King: with the sword of wisdom in hand, he can remove all annoyance.
West Lute Heavenly King: a dragon and snake like animal is in his hand. He can watch the world with his heavenly eye, protecting the kinds and kill the bad.
North Umbrella Heavenly King: with an umbrella in his hand, he can broadly spread Buddhism, domesticate the mass.
Tourism Etiquette Rules for Chinese Citizens Traveling at Home
The cultivation of a congenial and harmonious travel environment benefits every tourist. It is our bounden to be a tourist with refined manners. So please observe the following tourism etiquette rules.
Keep the environment clean and tidy. Don’t spit about or spit out chewing gum. Don’t drop litter. Don’t smoke except in designated areas.
Observe public order. Don’t yell or shout out loud. Always join a public queue for good order. Don’t walk abreast on a sidewalk. Don’t talk loudly in public.
Preserve the ecological environment. Stay off public lawns, and refrain from picking flowers or fruits. Don’t chase, catch, or throw stones at animals or feed them irresponsibly.
Protect historical sites and cultural relics. Don’t inscribe anything or scrawl graffiti on them. Don’t touch or climb on top of ancient relics, and heed the restrictions when taking photos with them.
Be careful with the use of public facilities. Don’t smear or break objects in hotel rooms. Don’t vandalize or damage public facilities. Don’t attempt to make off with public belongings. Conserve water and electricity by using them efficiently. And don’t waste food.
Be respectful to the people around you. Don’t try to snapshoot pictures with foreign friends without their permission. Don’t sneeze into the face of others. Don’t occupy public facilities for too long. Esteem the work of service staff. And respect the local religious customs.
Show courtesy to others. Be dressed appropriately. Don’t go barebacked in public places. Be considerate towards the aged, the infirm, the sick and the disabled and give priority to them. Be chivalrous to the female by following the rule "lady first”. Never use vulgar language.
Take part in healthy entertainments. Say no to feudal superstitious activities. Stay away from pornography, gambling and drugs.